Building blocks of sentences



Basic English. Parts of Speech. Sentences


Building Blocks of Sentences: Combining Words in Larger Units

We have seen how we can classify individual words into one of the eight different parts of speech.

We will now look at how to combine words into larger units such as phrases, clauses and sentences.




A phrase is a group of words that form a part of a sentence. Phrases do not express a complete thought and they do not contain both a subject and verb.

The major types of phrases include:


A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a verb.


There are two types of clauses: independent/principal clauses and dependent/subordinate clauses.

Independent clauses express a complete thought and can stand alone.

Dependent clauses cannot stand alone and must be attached to an independent clause.




There are four types of sentences:



We will see the differences in these four types of sentences in the next module.